Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is a very common condition, which consists of patches of skin that become darker in color than the surrounding skin.
It is harmless, and it occurs when an excess of melanin forms deposits in the skin.
Follow up this article if you want to learn more about what is skin pigmentation and how to treat it.
Types of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can affect the skin of people regardless of their age and skin color.
There are three types of skin pigmentation: melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma consists of grey or brown patches on the kin, mainly on the face and belly. It is being caused by hormonal changes, such as the pregnancy period.
Sunspots or age spots are small areas of hyperpigmentation that appear to parts of the body, which are regularly exposed to the sun. Post-inflammatory pigmentation is a temporary pigmentation that follows an injury or an inflammatory disorder of the skin.
This pigmentation is also called “acquired melanosis.” If they follow a severe injury, they can be permanent.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Now that we learned what skin pigmentation is, it is important to be aware of the causes.
The most common cause of skin pigmentation is an excess production of melanin, which is a pigment that gives color to the skin.
The skin cells that produce melanin can be altered by several different conditions and factors. Some medications and chemotherapy drugs can cause skin pigmentation as a side effect.
The melanin production in some women is caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy. There is also a rare endocrine disease, which is called Addison’s disease and can produce skin pigmentation in areas of sun exposure, and areas exposed to frictions, such as knees and elbows.
Most of the time, the hyperpigmentation is caused by an increased level of hormones in your body, which results in increased melanin synthesis.
In other cases, sun exposure will also affect melanin increasing.
Treatments and Therapies
Although pigmentation on the face
is harmless, many people wish to get rid of it because of the cosmetic outcome.
There is a great range of possible methods of treatment for skin pigmentation and even home remedies that people can try.
Before trying any skin pigmentation removal, you should consider becoming more prominent, such as using a sunscreen with SPF of 30 and even higher.
This will stop the hyperpigmentation from becoming darker. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, and laser resurfacing are the most common treatments that have great effects on pigmented skin.
Although many chemical peel treatments are available everywhere, you should consider getting a professional feel at a specialized clinique.
Dermabrasion is also a great treatment for pigmentation on the face
, which is used to address multiple problems, such as acne scars, age spots, chickenpox scars, injury scars, and sun damage.
The laser is resurfacing consists of a laser, which has targeted beams of light to reduce hyperpigmentation.
No matter which treatment is more suitable for you, Hayatmed offers professional services for its patients.
HayatMed located in Istanbul is highly experienced in performing Skin Care with satisfactory results according to our patients’ evaluations.