Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is a prevalent condition consisting of patches of skin that become darker in color than the surrounding skin.
It is harmless and occurs when an excess of melanin forms deposits in the skin. Follow up on this article if you want to learn more about skin pigmentation and how to treat it.
Types of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can affect people’s skin regardless of their age and skin color.
There are three types of skin pigmentation: melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma consists of grey or brown patches on the skin, mainly on the face and belly. Hormonal changes, such as the pregnancy period, are causing it.
Sunspots or age spots are small areas of hyperpigmentation that appear on body parts regularly exposed to the sun. Post-inflammatory pigmentation is a temporary pigmentation that follows an injury or an inflammatory disorder of the skin.
This pigmentation is also called “acquired melanosis.” If they follow a severe injury, they can be permanent.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Now that we have learned what skin pigmentation is, we must be aware of the causes. The most common cause of skin pigmentation is an excess production of melanin, a pigment that gives color to the skin.
Several different conditions and factors can alter the skin cells that produce melanin. Some medications and chemotherapy drugs can cause skin pigmentation as a side effect.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy cause melanin production in some women. There is also a rare endocrine disease called Addison’s disease, which can produce skin pigmentation in areas of sun exposure and areas exposed to friction, such as knees and elbows.
Most of the time, hyperpigmentation is caused by an increased level of hormones in your body, which results in increased melanin synthesis. In other cases, sun exposure will also affect melanin increasing.
Treatments and Therapies
Although pigmentation on the face
is harmless, many people wish to remove it because of the cosmetic outcome.
There is an excellent range of possible methods of treatment for skin pigmentation and even home remedies that people can try.
Before trying skin pigmentation removal, you should consider becoming more prominent, such as using a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
This will stop the hyperpigmentation from becoming darker. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, and laser resurfacing are the most common treatments that significantly affect pigmented skin.
Although many chemical peel treatments are available everywhere, you should consider getting a professional feel at a specialized clinique.
Dermabrasion is also an excellent treatment for pigmentation on the face
Which is used to address multiple problems, such as acne scars, age spots, chickenpox scars, injury scars, and sun damage.
The resurfacing laser consists of a laser with targeted light beams to reduce hyperpigmentation. Whether treatment is more suitable for you, Hayatmed offers professional services for its patients.
HayatMed, located in Istanbul, is highly experienced in performing Skin Care with satisfactory results according to our patients’ evaluations.
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