What is PRK Surgery?

Photorefractive keratectomy or PRK surgery is used to treat vision problems via laser. This kind of surgery is specifically done for patients who are experiencing a refractive defect in their eyes. A refractive defect refers to a condition in which your eye fails to light appropriately.

The ultimate aim of this laser surgery is to change the shape of the cornea to help improve the focus of light rays on the retina. PRK surgery is usually used to treat the symptoms of both nearsightedness (myopia) and far-sightedness (hyperopia). This refractive surgery is also used for patients with astigmatism.

Once you successfully undergo the procedure of Photorefractive Keratectomy surgery, you’ll notice a drastic change and improvement in your vision. PRK surgery is most likely to lessen your need to wear glasses or lenses. However, in a few cases, it’s also likely that you might as well totally do away with your glasses or lenses daily.

PRK Surgery Procedure

PRK Surgery Procedure

  • The first step of the surgery involves putting drops in your eye to make them numb. You might also be given some medication to get rid of the pain and relax.
  • The second step is a 30-second procedure in which the epithelium or the topmost layer of coronal tissue is entirely removed.
  • Any irregularities in your corneal tissue layers are fixed using “excimer laser.” The best part about this tool is that it actually helps to work in the deeper layers of the cornea.
  • Lastly, your surgeon will put a bandage contact lens on the top of your cornea to heal your eye.

PRK Surgery Recovery

Once the surgery is complete, you will have a bandage placed over your eye to help heal. Here are some things you must keep in mind as you are on the path to your Photorefractive Keratectomy surgery recovery:

  • On the day of the surgery, make sure that you have someone to accompany you to drive you back home. As soon as you get home, make it a point to relax or take a nap.
  • If you want the surgery recovery to be quick, then you must keep away from all kinds of stressful activities for at least a week post-surgery. You can also plan to take leave from work for a couple of days as per your doctor’s recommendation.
  • There are chances that you’ll experience some pain in your eye for about 2-3 days post-surgery. You must always get in touch with your ophthalmologist in such situations and ask for prescription medicine or eye drops for relief. 
  • Religiously use eye drops prescribed by your surgeon, as it will help your heal and recover from the surgery.
  • Another precaution you must take to recover from your surgery is to wear dark sunglasses each time you step out of your home for as long as recommended by your doctor. Otherwise, exposure to direct sunlight can harm your eyes, even triggering scarring and vision problems in the future.
  • Your road to recovery from the surgery will be slow and gradual. For the first few days, you might experience blurry vision. But, once a few days are passed, you’ll notice your vision getting to its optimum level.



Much like any surgical treatment, PRK surgery also carries certain risk factors, which can be seen as:

  • Infection in the Cornea
  • Experiencing glare in bright light
  • Seeing a halo-like shape around light
  • Scarring in the eye or cornea
  • Experiencing corneal haze

Other than these, PRK eye surgery also carries the potential risk of having your eyes and vision undercorrected or overcorrected.

In such cases, you always have an option to use lenses or glasses to improve your vision.

It is least likely that a Photorefractive Keratectomy surgery will go wrong or cause loss of vision. Although, there is a slight risk of losing your best-corrected vision and having a worse vision than before.

PRK Surgery Cost

Generally, this surgery can cost anywhere from $2500 to $5000. In comparison to LASIK, PRP surgery is more costly.

The reason behind this is the fact that Photorefractive Keratectomy surgery calls for more post-operation procedures, such as removing the bandage or monitoring how your eyes are healing post-surgery.

Who Can Get a PRK Surgery?

Who Can Get a PRK Surgery?

Not everyone is eligible to undergo PRK surgery. Here are certain factors that you must keep in mind before getting the surgery:

  • You must be over 18 years of age.
  • There have been no drastic changes in your vision in the last year.
  • You’re not pregnant or feeding at the time of the surgery.
  • The average size of your pupil is 6 mm in a dark room.

On the whole, whether you are experiencing far-sightedness or near-sightedness, you can always rely on the surgery to help improve your vision with guaranteed results.

There are high chances of success in most Photorefractive Keratectomy surgeries, making it a trusted and reliable way to get your vision improved. To prepare for a PRK surgery, you must get in touch with your trusted eye surgeon and discuss your medical history in detail.

If your surgeon suggests, you can also undergo certain tests which will help measure the thickness of your cornea, refraction, and another medical history to come up with the best possible results.

Get in Touch Now!

Need help getting a PRK surgery? We’re here to help you out. At HayatMed, we offer a one in all solution for your PRK surgery needs at competitive prices.

All you need to get your surgery done is to get in touch with us and schedule an appointment. So, wait no more and contact us now! or go back to our Medical Blog

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