Corneal Problems Treatment: All you need to know about cornea transplant surgery
Eye’s cornea is the transparent layer that covers the front part of the eye, pupil, iris, and anterior chamber.
The primary function of the cornea is refracting or bending the light that enters the eye. So, if the cornea is exposed to any damage, this will cause vision problems.
A cornea transplant, or referred to as keratoplasty or corneal graft, is a surgical procedure that aims to help patients who suffer problems with the cornea to restore vision, reduce pain, and improve the appearance of a damaged or diseased cornea.
Keratoplasty procedure is performed by replacing part of damaged cornea or the entire cornea with healthy corneal tissue from a donor.
Keep in mind that a corneal graft procedure requires accuracy, so you should not rush in undergoing this surgery before ensuring that you choose a qualified, experienced surgeon.
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Why Cornea Transplant is done
A healthy cornea is important for good vision. So, if your cornea is damaged due to eye injury or eye disease, it may become misshapen, scarred, or distort your vision.
A cornea transplant is recommended to treat some problems that can infect the cornea,
It happens when eyelashes change direction inward and rub the eye’s surface, which may cause scarring or in some cases, may vision loss.
Thinning of the cornea (keratoconus)
It happens when the cornea bulges outward and begins to take a cone-like shape.
Eye disease such as Fuchs’ dystrophy
It occurs when the deepest layer of cells in the cornea undergoes degenerative changes.it may cause your vision to worsen over time gradually.
they may be caused by the wrong use of contact lenses, deep scratches, burns, and some diseases like syphilis or shingles. These scars can affect your vision and distorting it.
It is a severe problem caused by infection, overuse, or wrong use of contact lenses or other reasons. A corneal ulcer may affect your vision and cause blindness.
or known as the cornea swelling, it is an inflammation of the external layer of the eye, which causes fluids building up in the cornea and the cornea swells. This swelling can cause vision weakness.
It is a loss of transparency of the cornea. It happens due to several reasons like inflammation, infection, or others. Corneal clouding can lead to different amounts of vision loss over time.
In addition to the cornea problems above, a cornea transplant can treat complications caused by previous eye procedures such as LASIK surgery complications.
If you suffer cornea problems, you should meet a qualified ophthalmologist to determine the problem and whether the cornea graft procedure can treat it or not.
A thorough consultation with your eye doctor must be carefully considered before you decide to have a corneal transplant.
Click here to book your free consultation at HayatMed, where you can deal with highly skilled ophthalmologists who ensure you get the appropriate procedure and achieve the desired results.
keratoplasty surgery risks
This process is relatively safe. However, some risks may be associated with this surgery,
- Eye infection.
- Corneal Swelling.
- Rejection of implanted cornea.
- Increase the risk of causing a cloudy cornea
- Increased pressure inside the eyeball.
- Problems with used Stitches.
It is essential to choose an experienced and reputable eye surgeon who can help to minimize the risks and achieve stunning results. With HayatMed, you can be sure that you will get the best results by the hands of the best specialists.
Preparation before Cornea Transplant surgery
Before the surgery, you will go through:
A comprehensive eye exam: Your ophthalmologist will search for conditions that may cause problems after surgery.
Eye Measurements: Your ophthalmologist will determine the size of the donor cornea you need.
Some eye problems like infection or inflammation may decrease the chances of a successful cornea transplant surgery. So, your ophthalmologist will treat those problems before the cornea transplant surgery.
Furthermore, your eye doctor will check your medical history by asking many questions like your medical problems and used medication. He or she may ask you to avoid using certain medicines before or after the procedure.
Your ophthalmologist will explain all expectations during and after the procedure, besides explaining the risks of the surgery. You need to discuss your expected results, why you need this process, and how it can help to improve your vision.
At the end of the consultation, you will know whether you are the right candidate for this process or not. Be sure to choose a qualified ophthalmologist to ensure the aspired result and avoid any medical mistakes.
Contact HayatMed clinic immediately and take advantage of a free consultation with one of the best- ophthalmologists to get all your questions’ answers and know the right option according to your condition.
During the Cornea Transplant Surgery
Before starting the procedure, you’ll be given numbed eye drops and may be provided other medication to help you relax, so you will not feel any pain.
Your surgeon will start by putting a device to keep your eye open. Although your eye will be open, you will not see anything because of the anesthesia.
According to your needs, your ophthalmologist will have chosen the appropriate way to transplant the donor cornea.
- In some conditions, he or she will remove a circular part of your cornea and replace it with a proper portion of the donor cornea and sewing it into place.
- While in other conditions, he or she will take off a tinny layer of cornea cells and replace them with donor tissue, sewing it into place.
- While sometimes, he or she will remove only the damaged inner layer of the cornea and place a thin disc of donor tissue on the back surface of the cornea. Then the surgeon will put an air bubble in your eye to push the new cell layer into place so the cornea can recover properly.
After the surgery, your ophthalmologist will tape a shield over your treated eye to keep it safe.
Recovery after Cornea Transplant Surgery
After the process, you will be in the recovery room under observation by the medical crew to ensure that everything is going well, then you can go home safely.
After the surgery, you will experience swelling and mild pain in your eye. Eye drops and painkillers can control these complications, besides antibiotics to avoid infection.
Corneal transplant stitches may or may not need to be removed. It depends on the used type of stitches. your ophthalmologist will give you some tips to ensure complete heal,
- Use the eye drops according to the ophthalmologist’s instructions.
- Do not press on your eye or rub it.
- Wear an eye shield to protect the treated eye.
You may able to go work after a few days. However, ask your ophthalmologist when you can go back to doing your regular daily routine.
Recovery time after the surgery can take up to a year to fully heal. It depends on the type of transplant you had and how your eye heals.
Vision after a keratoplasty
Your vision should improve gradually a few weeks after the surgery, but it could take up to a year to have a stable sight.
The curve of the implanted corneal tissue can’t fit exactly the curve of your natural cornea. So, your treated eye may be left with a degree of nearsightedness.
Mild refractive faults caused by keratoplasty surgery can be treated with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Due to your eyesight will change during the few months after your surgery, it is recommended to wait until your vision becomes stable before you fill an eyeglass prescription.
After your cornea transplant has fully recovered, LASIK eye surgery may be recommended for you to improve your vision without eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Cornea transplant rejection symptoms
The organ rejection problem happens when the immune system considers transplanted tissue as something that shouldn’t be there and destroys it.
Rejection risk reaches up to 3 out of 10 people who have a cornea transplant.
Here are some implanted cornea rejection symptoms:
- Pain in the treated eye.
- The treated eye becomes more sensitive to lights.
- Redness of the treated eye.
- Cloudy vision.
If you have any of these complications, tell your ophthalmologist immediately. He or she will try to stop the rejection by using medications.
Some patients may need more than one corneal graft surgery. The first one could be rejected, or other problems might happen.
However, a repeat procedure has a higher rate of rejection than the first surgery.
Cornea transplant cost
The cost of this surgery depends on several factors,
- The type of required transplant procedure.
- The surgeon’s experience.
- The region of the clinic in which the procedure is performed.
- The used medical facility.
When you consider undergoing corneal graft surgery and start to find the right eye doctor, you will notice significant differences in cost from one place to another.
Many reasons could cause this difference. However, a lower price may not indicate any difference in quality.
It is essential to spend enough time choosing the right clinic to ensure you are getting a high level of care at moderate prices. Istanbul is one of the most intended places to get all kinds of medical services.
At HayatMed, for medical services in Istanbul, Turkey, our integrated team will take care to provide the best services and achieve the desired results.