What is a dental crown – A Complete Guide

What is a dental crown new

A dental crown is a prosthetic device placed over a damaged or decayed tooth to restore its shape, size, strength, and appearance. It is custom-made to match the color, shape, and alignment of the surrounding natural teeth. 

Dental crowns can be made from various materials such as porcelain, metal, or a combination of both. They are designed to fully encase the tooth above the gum line, providing protection and improving its function.

Crowns are commonly used to repair extensively decayed or fractured teeth, cover dental implants, strengthen weakened teeth, and enhance the smile’s aesthetic appearance.

What is a dental crown?

Dental crowns are prosthetic caps or coverings designed to restore damaged or decayed teeth to their original shapes, sizes, strength, and appearance. Custom-made crowns typically match the color, shape, and alignment of surrounding natural teeth for a seamless restoration experience.

A crown is designed to cover and protect all visible portions of a tooth above the gum line, offering protection and reinforcement. Crowns may be composed of porcelain or metal; their selection will depend on tooth location, functional requirements, and aesthetic considerations.

Dental crowns are frequently utilized when there is extensive decay, fractures, or structural damage to a tooth. Additionally, dental crowns may cover implants, strengthen weakened teeth, support bridges, and enhance the appearance of misshapen or discolored teeth. Installing dental crowns helps restore their functionality while improving their appearance while protecting them from future harm.

HayatMed Clinic in Istanbul, Turkey, provides high-quality medical care; if you want a free consultation from our experienced doctors, contact us now on Whatsapp or go to the contact page and fill out the form.

Types of dental crowns and cost

Several types of dental crowns are available, each with its characteristics, advantages, and cost considerations. The types of dental crowns commonly used include:

1. Porcelain Crowns: 

Porcelain crowns are constructed using porcelain or ceramic material that closely resembles natural teeth’ natural hue and translucence, providing superior aesthetics in front or visible teeth. The cost of porcelain crowns can range from approximately $300 to $3,000 per tooth.

2. Metal Crowns: 

This type is made of a gold alloy; metal crowns provide durability and strength. Metal crowns have become widely popular due to their durability and ability to withstand biting forces; however, their metallic color makes them less suitable for visible areas in the mouth. Metal crowns, typically made of a gold alloy, can range in cost from approximately $800 to $2,500 per tooth.

3. Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns: 

PFM crowns combine a metal base with an outer layer of porcelain overlay for strength and aesthetics, offering stability and an appealing natural appearance. PFM crowns are most often used on molars or teeth, requiring both strength and an appealing aesthetic; PFM crowns generally range in cost from around $900 to $3,000 per tooth.

4. All-Ceramic or All-Porcelain Crowns: 

These crowns are made of ceramic or porcelain without a metal base, offering superior transparency and aesthetics. All ceramic crowns can range from approximately $800 to $3,500 per tooth.

5. Zirconia Crowns: 

Zirconia crowns are constructed from strong and durable dental ceramics known as zirconia, offering excellent strength, aesthetics, biocompatibility, and affordability. Zirconia crowns can be found in both the front and back teeth. Zirconia crowns typically fall within a price range of approximately $900 to $3,500 per tooth.

When should you consider dental crowns?

Dental crowns may be an appropriate solution in certain instances:

1. Tooth Decay: 

Suppose a tooth has significant decay that cannot be effectively addressed with dental fillings. In that case, a crown may be recommended to restore its structure and prevent further damage.

2. Fractured or Broken Teeth:

Teeth fractured due to trauma or extensive decay may often be restored using dental crowns, which provide extra support and strengthen the tooth against further breakage.

3. Large Fillings: 

Teeth with large fillings that have compromised their remaining tooth structure may benefit from crowns as support and protection against cracks or fractures in their remaining tooth.

4. Root Canal Treatment: 

Root canal-treated teeth often become weaker and more vulnerable to fracture. A dental crown can help strengthen and protect this tooth after going through root canal therapy.

5. Cosmetic Enhancement: 

Dental crowns can be used for cosmetic enhancement to improve the appearance of teeth that have become severely discolored, misshapen, or otherwise affected by aesthetic concerns.

6. Tooth Replacement: 

Dental crowns can also be used to repair dental implants and artificial tooth roots. Once attached to the implant, they produce a natural-looking replacement tooth that blends seamlessly.

HayatMed Clinic in Istanbul, Turkey, provides high-quality medical care; if you want a free consultation from our experienced doctors, contact us now on Whatsapp or go to the contact page and fill out the form.

How long do dental crowns last?

The lifespan of dental crowns varies based on several factors, including the type of crown, oral hygiene practices, biting and chewing habits, and overall oral health. On average, they last between 10-15 years with proper care but could outlive expectations even longer.

Some factors that can impede the lifespan of dental crowns include:

  1. Different materials vary in durability. Metal crowns are highly durable, while all ceramic crowns may be more prone to chipping.
  2. Good practices like daily brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups extend crown lifespan.
  3. Teeth grinding or using teeth on hard objects can stress crowns. Nightguards can help prevent damage.
  4. Regular dental visits and oral hygiene are vital to prevent tooth decay and gum disease, which can affect crown support.
  5. Be cautious to avoid accidental impacts to the mouth that could damage or dislodge a crown.

Teeth crowns before and after

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Is it painful to get a crown?

Receiving a dental crown should not be painful. Local anesthesia will be administered to numb the treated area and ensure you experience no discomfort during crown preparation. As local anesthesia is administered, you may feel some pinching or pressure, but it usually goes well withstanding it.

Crown preparation involves shaping the tooth to accommodate its crown, including possibly removing some enamel. Usually, this step is painless due to anesthesia; however, you may experience pressure or vibrations during tooth preparation.

Depending on the severity of decay or damage near the nerve of a tooth to be crowned, root canal therapy may be required before crown placement to treat any infections and ensure it does not become sensitive or painful. While root canal procedures can potentially cause temporary discomfort or sensitivity during and post-treatment, pain medication can often help alleviate such concerns.

Once your tooth has been prepared, impressions are taken to create a custom crown in a dental laboratory. While waiting, temporary crowns may be worn for protection; any potential discomfort due to these may be minimal and short-lived.

Once a crown is complete, it will be permanently cemented onto its target tooth. Cementation is typically pain-free; any adjustments necessary for proper fit and bite alignment will also be made before cementation.

After your anesthesia wears off, you may experience mild sensitivity or discomfort in the area where treatment was provided. Over-the-counter pain relievers should help manage discomfort; they should subside within several days.

HayatMed Clinic in Istanbul, Turkey provides high-quality medical care; if you want a free consultation from our experienced doctors, contact us now on Whatsapp or go to the contact page and fill out the form.

advantages of dental crowns

Dental crowns provide many advantages, making them a suitable and popular treatment solution in various dental situations. Some of their key advantages are:

Dental Crowns Provide Protection and Restoration

Dental crowns protect against damaged or weakened teeth, covering all visible portions above the gum line to shield them from further decay, fractures, or wear and tear.

  • Crowns enhance tooth strength and function for normal eating and hygiene.
  • Custom-made crowns improve appearance for a natural smile.
  • They withstand biting forces for lasting function and aesthetics.
  • Crowns solve various dental issues.
  • Custom crowns feel comfortable in the mouth.
  • Procedures deliver reliable results.
  • Maintain crowns with standard oral care.

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About the author

Binsy George
Binsy George

Binsy brings over 13 years of expertise to the HayatMed Clinic Blog. With a passion for healthcare communication, she has crafted insightful articles that demystify complex medical topics, empowering readers to make informed decisions about their well-being.
Her wealth of experience ensures that each blog post is a reliable source of knowledge, fostering a deeper understanding of health and medical advancements.

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