Seven Major Dental Diseases You Should Know

Dental Diseases

Plaque, tartar, and the “wrong” bacteria in the mouth are frequently the beginnings of various problems and dental diseases. When dental disorders advance, they can take away not just our nerves and sleep but also our beautiful smile. Not to mention the fact that an unscheduled trip to the dentist can be pretty pricey. As a result, we’d like to introduce you to seven major dental diseases and explain how they develop and how they can be treated.


Abscesses are encapsulated collections of pus in the tissue that can lead to painful swellings and fever.

In the oral cavity, they usually arise due to inflammation of the tooth roots or gum pockets but can also occur if there are problems with the eruption of the wisdom teeth.

The doctor treats an abscess by draining it and rinsing it; in severe cases, antibiotics are necessary.

Canker sores

Aphthae are blisters on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, which in some cases can also appear in the genital area.

The blisters usually open after a short time and then appear as lenticular-sized, open wounds. A whitish fibrin coating is typical of canker sores.

Pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory ointments and disinfecting agents are mainly used for treatment. As a rule, canker sores heal completely within a few days to weeks.


Gingivitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the gums that manifests itself as redness and swelling. Inflamed gums also tend to bleed quickly.

The cause is often plaque that is not removed regularly.

If gingivitis persists or recurs, a visit to the dentist is advisable, as inflammation of the gums can develop into periodontitis.


The tooth enamel can be attacked by the acids that are formed during the bacterial breakdown of sugar. As caries progress, the tooth substance dissolves, and the well-known “hole in the tooth” arises.

You can avoid caries development by brushing your teeth regularly, if possible, with toothpaste containing fluoride, by avoiding sugary foods, and by regular preventive examinations at the dentist.

Calculus Bridge

It’s a layer of mineralized dead bacteria with a few minerals that include salivary proteins. It’s a complex, bone-like substance that firmly attaches to the teeth of a person. Supragingival calculus is a type of calculus that develops above the gingival edge. The main symptom of this type of calculus is the teeth’ yellow or tan appearance, which arises when plaque is not removed from the teeth.

Some of the most common symptoms of Calculus Bridge and gum disease include red and swollen gums, bleeding when brushing, receding gums, persistent bad breath, and loose teeth.

You can only prevent it by brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day with healthy toothpaste. Prevention, as we all know, is always preferable to treatment, and this is no exception. Preventing dental disorders is more straightforward than treating them. You may never acquire Tartar or Calculus, which requires numerous dental operations to eliminate. If you take excellent care of your teeth, you may never develop Tartar or Calculus.

Jaw cysts

Cysts are encapsulated cavities in the tissue. In the jaw area, jaw cysts often form due to tooth-root inflammation and are called radicular cysts. So-called follicular cysts, which are caused by disorders in tooth development, are less common.

Jaw cysts are generally benign, but they continue to grow and can weaken the jawbone. Cysts are usually not painful at first. Only when a specific size is reached can the pressure on the jawbone and tissue cause pain.

Surgical removal is the only possible treatment, especially for larger jaw cysts.

Periodontal disease

Periodontitis is an inflammation of the teeth holding apparatus (also called periodontium). That consists of the bones, the gums, the periodontal membrane, and holding sutures. With this system, the tooth is usually firmly anchored in the jaw.

If gingivitis remains untreated, it can spread deeply between the tooth and the gum. This leads to the formation of gingival pockets and finally to marginal periodontitis. The inflammation of the roots as a result of pulpitis is called an apical periodontitis.

The most critical measure to prevent and treat periodontal disease is to remove the bacterial plaque (marginal periodontitis) or treat the tooth causing it (apical periodontitis). If periodontitis has started, it can hardly be stopped without dental treatment. The result is loosening of the teeth and ultimately tooth loss.

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Lastly, if you need to know more about this procedure or have more questions about other procedures, we offer a free consultation on WhatsAppOr Fill The Form Here.

In HayatMed Clinic Turkey, we offer high-quality, specialized, and affordable dental treatment services. Visit Our Dental Treatment Department, or go back to the Blog.

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